The Microsoft SQL Server Soundex function is used to find similar strings based on a search pattern and ideal when there are small typos that result in duplicate values. The Soundex function calculates a numerical value for a string.
For more information on the Soundex function in SQL Server, visit Microsoft's SQL Server Developer Center.
It's a bit tricky to sort the results of all the records with the same Soundex value. Sorting on the original field just puts them in alphabetical order rather than by closeness to the desired value.
Fortunately, there's a simple way to display the exact and partially-matching strings first in the search results. Use a sort expression to ensure that exact and partial matches sort to the top of the list before other matching strings.
In this example, we're showing the names with a Soundex value of "knapp'. The display sorts all the 'knapp' values first, then those that start with 'knapp', and finally the other records with spellings that result in the same Soundex value as 'knapp':
select lastname from Customers where soundex(lastname) = soundex('knapp') order by case when lastname like'knapp%' then 0 else 1 end, lastname
The result is a list that shows the exact matches, those that start with the original letters, and the remaining "close" ones.